The Louis L'Amour Lost Treasures Project

General History, Notes, and Oddities
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BEAU L'AMOUR'S COMMENTS (in blue): These notes are items that Louis was interested in and thinking about. Sometimes they were purported facts that he was researching.

There is no indication of the sources for this material though is was certainly a wide variety of books, magazines and, possibly, conversations. None of this can be vouched for as true or accurate either in their time period or today.

Louis jotted down thousands of one-line
notes on historical events and facts. . .

BEAU L'AMOUR'S COMMENTS (in blue): As you can see in the image above, Louis literally buried himself in his work. At the time of this photo, you could still actually walk around his desk and easily get to the bookshelves you see in the background. When Louis passed away and we began the task of sorting through his office, there was a single narrow path through the stacks of books, magazines, newsletters, correspondence, NASA Dispatches, journals, and as we discovered later, story fragments, completed (but never published) manuscripts, personal thoughts, and thousands of pages of one-line notes on historical facts and events. Sometimes these notes were hand-written or typed on 2 1/4" X 3" index cards which accounts for his wide use of abbreviations.

Spring of 1865, 6,000 wagons passed Ft. Kearney in five weeks. 21 1/2 million tons of freight in 1865.

Iroquois canoes of elm bark; ugly, heavy, didn't last. Algonquin birch bark best. Iroquois destroyed Neutrals took less than two summers.

Why filthy language? Name-calling? Demonstrations? Why not reasoned arguments? --

1900 - US Army Med Corps, isolates cause of Yellow Fever.
1901 - Rockefeller Institution for Medical Research founded.
Hospital ship;
1900 - 144 miles surfaced road. (Now) Almost 3,000,000. [Louis write these notes in the 1960s or ‘70s]
1906 - Pure Food & Drug Act
1906 - Meat Inspection Act
1912 - Minimum Wage Law (Mass)
[I have no idea what "Mass" means. The state?]
1916'1924 - Child Labor Law
1920 - Women's Suffrage
1935 - Social Security Act
Unemployment Comp.
Old Age Pensions
1938 - Food, Drug, Cosmetics, prohibit false labels.
List ingredients.

[The next few notes are on Native Americans.]

Spruce gum or animal glue to stick on feathers.

Few feathers worn in east.

Thread and string from linden tree in north.

Tulip tree in south.

Hominy: boiled corn in wood mashes [mashed] until hulls loosened; lye washed off, boiled again before eating.

Muskhogee dove into water 4 times on rising, winter & summer.

Winter camp, if food enough, constant enjoyment; cotton- wood for ponies. Camps often scattered under bluffs, ect... Less work for women; in winter love, not war. Work at night rare except hunting, women skin, cut out meat; if skin dries unstretched of no use as a robe. Meat spoils unless cut and dried. Some hides to boxes for pem lean. [I'm not exactly sure what this means]

Stone-ax: 4 1/2 hours polishing.
Inc; limestone or charcoal for polishing.
Weaving among Navajo's began about 1680.
Bow range: 125 ft. (Long Bow: 220)
Bow strings: deer sinew, fibres of common bettle
[nettle?]; best from neck of snapping turtle. Cut spirally, then twisted.

Camp near water, away from all timber, probably Sioux, who fear ambush. Open prairie, near timber, probably Arapaho's or Cheyenne.
Situated among timber (open) Kiowa; or Camanche; dense thicket, Osage, Omaha or Shawnee. Chief, council lodge, principal men in circle, others around.

Chocolate, peanuts, chewing gum, popcorn, tobacco from Indians; hammocks, snowshoes, toboggans. [All these being some of the contributions of Native Americans to our culture.]

4,280 buffalo in 18 months. Buffalo Bill's record.

1968 - 7,137 hospitals; 6,000 since 1900.
Chance of medical treatment better than ever before.
Chance of fair trial better.
World organizations such as Red Cross; Relief from disasters.
Organizations for orphans, disease, etc.. Blind, deaf, handicapped.

[Better] Opportunity for education.
No perf. [perfect] world til perf. people.
Fact they turn to violence indicates they are wrong people.

CRACKER: 1792, Theadore Pearson made pilot bread. Josiah Bent in 1801 made Bent's Hard-Water Cracker BISCUIT means "twice-baked" like mil.[military] bread of Romans.

TEA: first to NewAmstr [New Amsterdam?] 1650-1660 as new. Peys ment. [No idea what this means]

Paper bags--1852, general use 1869.
Ready-made clothes, 1830 [ready-made as in not tailored or specifically made for a particular person]

"Smog" coined by Glasgow engineer in 1905.

92 expeditions into Texas 1519-1731.

Santa Fe founded 10 years before Pilgrims landed.

1617 when Pilgrims were planning their trip there already were 11 mission churches in New Mexico.

San Antonio was 14 years old when George Washington was born.

[For awhile (1960s-70s) it was common for certain groups to claim that scalping was started by Europeans. Louis was always bothered by this kind of politically correct revisionism. He believed that Native American history and culture was no more brutal than anyone else's and that both the good and the bad were something that Native Americans should be aware of and that they should be proud of their culture without having to change it to fit the expectations of a bunch of all too sensitive white people. American Indians survived in a harsh environment and they had harsh ways ... and certainly history has proven that Europeans, with their Inquisitions, conquests, Crusades, and World Wars, have been no less barbaric. Below are some instances Louis collected to support his arguments]

1749-1758: Number of instances of scalping during founding and early yrs. of Halifax. (IN OLD HALIFAX, Lewis Collins)

2 Marc Lescarbot: p. 315

Cartier, in his first visit to Hochelaga, comments that the Indians there had a habit of decorating their walls with scalps. This was in the winter of 1535-36.

1 THE SOUTHEASTERN INDIANS, PP 251. (Garcilaso) De Soto)

3 John Lawson's NEW VOYAGE TO CAROLINA, p. xxx1, Later tortured and scalped himself "Surveyor General of Carolina" 1709.[Let's hope that "He was later tortured and scalped, himself." Rather than the frightening thought that he might have actually tortured and then scalped himself!]

4 THE NATURAL HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA By John Brickell, M.D. pub. in Dublin, 1737. Desc. of scalping

FRENCH & INDIAN WAR, began in 1754.[The theory may have been that the Indians learned to scalp from the white man during the French and Indian war. Obviously, some of these examples pre-date that time.]

5 William Byrd's HISTORY OF THE DIVIDING LINE BETWIXT NORTH CAROLINA AND VIRGINIA. [Virginia should come first in that title] written in 1728.

Jean Bernard Bossu reports scalping and a demonstration of scalping during a war dance 1751-1762.


Radisson in 1656, ect...

[The following is a list of things that a settler moving west with a wagon train must have. Many wagon trains would not accept a wagon into the company if it were not completely outfitted. Louis often made the case that, until the railroads went into service it was mostly well to do people that went west.]

  • 4 yoke of oxen
  • sheet-iron stove & boiler
  • Dutch oven & skillet of cast metal
  • Plates, cups of tin ware
  • 2 churns, 1 for fresh, 1 sour milk
  • 1 8 to 10 gal. keg, for water
  • 1 ax, 1 shovel, 2 or 3 augurs, 1 hand-saw cross-cut saw and plough moulds (2 or 3)
  • good supply of rope
  • supply of boots, shoes, clothing
  • 1 feather bed, assortment of bedding
  • Each male person 1 rifle, shot-gun if poss. Best calibre is 32 to 56 to the pound rifle of 60 to 80 to the lb. useful
  • Each adult 200 lbs flour; 30 lbs pilot bread; 75 lbs bacon, 10 lbs rice, 5 lbs coffee 2 lbs tea, 25 lbs sugar; 1/2 bushel of corn meal; 1/2 bushel corn, parched & ground; small keg vinegar.
  • Medicines.
  • 5 months for trip, with good guide, 4 months Lv St. Joseph 1st of April, begin march by mid-April. After mid-May, too late for safety 10 to 25 wagons, okay.
  • Oxen about $30 per yoke in 1845, more later
  • Extra harness; tools for work on harness or wagons, school books for children.

A clerk would earn $50 per year. (1850-60) A saddle cost about $15. Cheap whiskey 31 cents qt. Tea $1.50 lb.

Shakers, of Penn.[Pennsylvania] contrib. [contributed] much; first metal pens, condensed milk, evaporated foods; pkgd [packaged]flower & vegetable seed.

44 cents lb. for coffee one store sold but 3 or 4 lbs. per mo. (Civil War soldiers had it in rations, [then it] became popular)

No fresh fruit on the market until after 1790, rare then, and for 50 years after. All dried fruit. First bananas in 1805 (30 bun. [bunches?])

NY in 1860, pigs running in streets 150,000 horses, 20 to 25 lbs. of manure per day.
A stable in nearly every block.
Effort made in 1881 to improve.

Only 2% of NY homes had water- connections in 1882. Dr. C.E. Sargent considered it "a needless waste of time" to bathe.

In 1904, 7000 lives lost in city fires.

They wouldn't take children to work unless they were eight yrs. old 12 to 14 hr. day for 25 cents. One third of all mill workers were children. Sewing girls 84 hr. wk. at 5 cents per hr.

[Some of the following notes may have been use as research elements for The Walking Drrum]

ANKOU: the dreaded death spirit of Brittany, female and
a skeleton, a survival of the death goddess of the dolemen builders.

Among the peaks of the Montagnes d’Arree lies a vast and
dismal peat bog known as the Yeun, which is regarded by Breton folk as the entrance to the infernal regions. Many legends. In summer it seems a vast moor covered by glowing purple heather, which one can cross up to a point, but a step further and it becomes a treacherous quagmire declared by local people to be unfathomable.
The part of the bog which has claimed many victims is known as the Youdic, waters are seen to simmer and boil, supposedly the forces of evil working, and only held back by the Mount of St. Michael, nearby. People of the region used to throw animals into the seething cauldron who were suspected of having evil spirits. Youdic is on the summit of a mountain.

The Chateau of Champice where Gilles de Retz lived.

Legend of Ys...the basin had a secret gate and the daughter of the king and her lover opened it and drowned the city. Said to have been in either the Etang de Laval, which washes the shores of the Bay of Trespasses or in the vast basin of the Bay of Douarnenez.

Near Dol, Ile et Vilaine, is a giant menhir 30 ft high and 15 ft underground, standing on Champ Dolent, or the Field of Woe. Said to have risen between two brothers who were fighting.

The magic fountain of Baranton (Brecelien) a drop of which turns into a vapour from which thunder and lightning comes.

At Plouaret, Cotes du Nord, is a sub. chapel made in a dolemen. The stone table for roof, the supporting stones making two of the sides. The crypt is reached by a flight of seven steps, an alter to the Seven Sleepers being in the chapel. The Sleepers are represented by dolls. Breton legend says the chapel dates from the creation of the world, that it was built by the Almighty on the day the world was formed.

The Korrigan, a blonde and lovely lady with laughing red lips, red flashing eyes, and hair like golden wire is malicious and relentless and dooms her lovers to perish miserably for love of her. Found near fountains and wells in the Forest of Broceliande.

Numerous grottoes along the coast are said to harbor a distinct type of fairy. Some 20 to 30 ft. high, others seem small at first, but are large and it is unwise to explore too far.

The castle of Morlaix is haunted by gorics not more than a foot high who live in holes in the ground and are said to have great treasures. The night washers, too, are evil spirits who wash the linen of the dead along the streams at night and if one refuses to help them, drag him into the water then beat him and break his arms.

Inhabitants of the vicinity dislike to be called “teursts”, which are large, black and fearsome things.

Retired gangster dies and after death the widow found a diamond bracelet in his safe which he had presented to her many years before. In 1940 she told him she had lost the bracelet. As a matter of fact she had it taken from her in the holdup of a Hollywood gambling joint. She had never told her husband about the stickup for fear he would learn about the young man she was with at the time. And he never told her the stickup men worked for him because no mobster tells his wife his business.

To distract a man’s attention who was watching him with a cocked rifle, Captain Burton Mossman of the Arizona Rangers lighted a twig at a fire and purposely let it burn his fingers. When he cried out and dropped it, it distracted the watcher’s attention so he could get his gun.  [Louis sure used that trick a few times in his fiction!]

Ancient Buddhists chose the fish as a symbol of watchfulness against temptation because it never closes its eyes.

Girl ticket sellers in movie theatres have the best chance of getting married. Stenographers next followed by waitresses and salesgirls. Women lecturers are last.  [This note dates from the 1940s]

The late Gen. George S. Patton Jr. wrote two books of poetry between the two World Wars.

Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson has no formal law degree. He became a lawyer by reading law in an attorney’s office.  [He was also US Solicitor General, US Attorney General and Chief Prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials.  He was on the Supreme Court from 1941 to 1954.]

Loud noises such as gun shots, clanging bells ect. Have caused rats and mice to lose sense of direction. Mice have been killed (4 of them) by the loud ringing of an electric bell. Telephone companies report people have been stunned by a loud click in the receiver.

The natural enemy of the black widow spider is the alligator lizard of the southwest.

The first transatlantic boat service was established about the year 1000 by Harold the fair-haired. It was a scheduled service between Norway and the New World.

Savinier Cyrano de Bergerac was a French author born about 1619 and died in 1655. As in the play he was known for his large nose and for the thousand and more duels he fought...mostly over his nose.

The White Russians mostly live in the Byelorussia Soviet Socialist Republic to whose swamps they fled during Tartar raids in the 13th century. Believed to have the name from white costumes. Little Russians from Ukraine. Great Russians are third group.

Scotland’s most famous mystery concerns the contents of a walled up room in Glamis Castle the ancestral home of the present Queen of England, the secret of which has been told for centuries only to each succeeding heir on his 21st birthday. While many have promised to divulge this secret on learning it, none have done so.

2.Fear of walking
3.Fear of the dead
4.Dread of being ill 
5.Fear of crossing street
6.Of people
7.Of falling downstairs
8.Of stealing
9.Of snakes
10.Of hydrophobia


Noah Webster invented but one word, “demoralize”.

The Montana Stranglers wiped out a gang of stock thieves that operated in eastern Montana and the Dakota badlands between 1882 to 1884. Hired 28 “Indian Territory” cowboys. Split into groups of 7 and $5,000 offered for the group with the best score. (James Fergus was one of the employing cattlemen) Within 3 months every known or suspected cow thief was liquidated. Scarface Moseley and Humpty Jack found dead in their shack near Glendive and the report was turned in a day before they were found dead. They were alive when report made. So swift, secret that no more than 15 persons, all cattlemen and 4 outsiders, knew who they were. SplayFoot Harnett, Turkey Williams, Bronco Charlie and Half Breed Jack were others. Miles City and Billings papers also covered. Began in summer of 1884. Total hung or killed: 63. (Stranglers said to be Texas or border ruffians.)

Only Devil’s Bible in existence in Royal Library in Stockholm Sweden. Huge volume written on 300 prepared animal skins. Legend says work done in one night with help of Satan who gave the copyist a portrait of himself for a frontispiece.

Suspected of being world’s highest mountain. In Tibet. Guarded by fierce Ngolok tribe and their barbaric queen. Sighted at more than 100 miles by Asiatic explorer General Pereria in 1923, on trip from Peiping to Lhasa. Strange animals and strange people said to roam the steppes. Joseph Rock, hermit explorer, photographed it from 75 miles, estimated it more than 28,000. Flyers have estimated it more than 30,000 ft. Rock had been to headwaters of Yellow River where no white man had ever been before. OPERATION MYSTERY MOUNTAIN...possible title. Mountain called [Named?] for God said to dwell there. Vast unexplored area. [Operation Mystery Mountain was published as Tailwind to Tibet]

URANIUM: A ductile, white, radioactive, metallic element, source of radium, helium, ect.. Found chiefly in pitchblende.

URANINITE: pitchblende, a dark, greasy mineral of complex character containing uranium, thorium, radium, lead, and the rare gases argon and helium.

MONAZITE: a brownish or brownish red mineral, a phosphate of cerium and allied metals, usually containing thorium.

THORITE: A brown to black mineral.

BYON: yellow brown clay called ruby earth in Burma. The Mogok ruby fields are surrounded by a crystalline limestone formation.

In Nebraska it takes 15 acres to raise one beef critter
in a year. In the sagebrush country, 50 to 100 acres. The average man drinks a little over a ton of water in a year; a bushel of corn drinks ten to twenty tons; a pound of beef, directly and indirectly, requires 15 to 30 tons.

Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the three great plant foods; soil also contains magnesium, sulfur, iron, carbon, and other minerals.

The action of heat and light enabled the plant leaves through a process called photosynthesis to take in oxygen and carbon from the air, and manufacture starches and sugars for cellulose, the backbone of growing things.

It is estimated that one inch of soil was laid down every 500 years; in some places it took 1,000 years.

100 lbs. of sand will absorb 25 lbs. of water; 100 lbs. of clay will absorb 50 lbs. of water;
100 lbs. humus will absorb 200 lbs. of water.

9,000,000 acres of good land has been virtually destroyed by wind erosion and serious damage reported on 80,000,000 more.

An octopus swims backwards but walks forward.

The amorohophallus is the largest flower in the world.
Grows in warm damp forests of the East Indies and produces a flower 8 feet in diameter and 15 or more feet high.

In the vicinity of Yule Bay in New Guinea the natives
use large spider webs for fish weighing up to 3 and 4 lbs.. These webs are six feet in diameter, large mesh, varying from an inch at outer edge to 1/8th at center. Spun by a spider size of hazelnut with legs making all about 2 inches long.

Women have used luminescent bugs as ornaments and even
fish in bowls. Confined in gauze and put in hair or the belles of Costa Rica fastened with tiny chains or cords.

Ants and beetles used in primitive surgery. Forcing
wound shut, and then letting an ant take hold. The body is clipped off, but the jaws remain. Used by natives in many places, also by surgeons of France and Italy several hundred years ago.

Bees frequently used in warfare. By Richard Coeur de
Lion, Henry of Lorraine, in modern India and German East Africa. Used by Richard at seize [siege] of Acre.

TINY CAMERA: A microcamera smaller than a package of
cigarettes, weighs 9 ozs. and takes a dozen snapshots on 16 mm. film. A rotating focoplane [focal plane] shutter connected to a counter that tells number of exposures taken. Fixed focus lens insures sharp pictures at any distance. Daylight loading done with a tiny film cartridge you send to the factory for processing. Prints you get back are larger that the camera itself.

A deer, when startled or surprised if there is nothing
to prevent him will invariably run up wind.

A lung fish can live out of water for three or four

First elephant shown in U.S. on August 30th 1797 at
Salem, Mass.. Imported from India on ship “America” captained by Nathaniel Hawthorne, father of the writer. Elephant’s name was Old Bet.

A woman lights a match by striking it away from herself;
a man strikes it toward himself.

When a woman inspects her fingernails she looks at the
whole hand, and a man doubles up his hand and looks only at the nails.

A woman looks around a room before settling her eyes on
any one corner. A man looks directly at the corner.

A woman looks over her glass at the man opposite. A man
looks into his glass. [These last two seem sort of strange since the factoids do not suggest anything interesting in the corner or the glass.  Possibly the point is that for men making eye contact might not be done lightly because of the inherent “challenge” of it, whereas women are more social, unthreatened and unthreatening.]

Temperature usually drops about three and a half degrees
Fahrenheit for every 1,000 feet up.

In Australia you can tell direction by looking at an ant
hill. The white ants of northern Australia build hills that all point north and south like the needle on a compass.

Technically, a show girl is a tall girl five feet seven
inches or more weighing 130 lbs. and up [and] who is required to parade? A chorus girl is smaller in size and required to dance.
A hard-boiled egg will spin nicely, a soft-boiled egg
not so well and a raw egg can’t be spun at all.

A sound pistol has been invented that kills and paralyzes. Ultra sonic pistol that will kill a dog at 60 ft.. Will paralyze a human for 20 minutes. Power for the pistol consists of a gas and compressed air chamber designed to vent its force through a super sonic (inaudible to humans) whistle opening whose diameter is that of a lead pencil. Human voice vibrates at 400 cycles a second. An ultra sound machine that will vibrate at 450,000 vibration.
Developed by H.D. Von Jenef.

There were 104 passengers on the Mayflower.

Women can sing higher notes than men because their vocal cords vibrate from 200 to 800 times a second...twice as fast as those of men. (Comment by myself: this will be no news to husbands.)

Many Negroes were both free and wealthy before the Civil War, two being Cyprien Richard who owned a plantation valued at $250,000 and Thomas Lafon who owned New Orleans real estate valued at $500,000. [That’s roughly 7 and 14 million dollars in today’s money.]

The Chalchihuith [Chalchihuitl] turquoise mine in the Cerillas hills near Santa Fe, New Mexico which was first worked by prehistoric Pueblo Indians who mined with stone hammers and axes is the oldest mine in the U.S..

Football is 130 times more dangerous than boxing.

Drums, cymbals, castanets, horns, lutes, flutes, and 3 varieties of bells, po hung, te chung, and pien chung, are the instruments in Chinese orchestras.

The fastest trip ever made from New York to Frisco around the Horn in a sailing vessel was 89 days.

The only time the U.S. government was ever out of debt was for a short period during Andrew Jackson’s second term. On January 1st, 1835, 1836, and 1837, the Treasury had funds on hand to meet all outstanding indebtedness on presentation.

There are 206 distinct bones in an adult human body.

In August, 1913 the color Black had a run of 26 successive wins on the roulette wheel at Monte Carlo. In January, 1910, the red won 27 times in succession.

Half the art of stalking lies in locating the game and seeing it before it sees you. About a fourth knowing what the animal is doing or going to do. The rest lies in selecting the route of the stalk with the habits and senses of the animal in mind.
A sheep, for instance, can see like an eagle, and above all the stalker must stay out of the sheep’s sight. The sheep also has a fairly good nose but poor ears. The caribou and grizzly see very poorly but have an acute sense of smell. The caribou doesn’t seem to hear very well, but all bears have ears like bats.

Deer are creatures of habit. They get up from their beds about an hour before dawn and feed toward water, usually taking a down sloping route. After the morning drink they browse back toward the vicinity from which they started. Once there some will laze around, but by mid morning most of them are bedded again and remain so until about 3:30 pm at which time the routine is repeated.

Meandering deer wander and stop frequently and when leaving danger they move in a straight line. Whitetails see better out to the side, but will not notice you unless you move.

The best time to still hunt are mornings up to about 9:30 and afternoons from 4 pm until dark.

The whitetail will usually, when driven, head for a ridge or high ground, cross it, and then sneak back along the hump, sometimes to circle the spot from which it was frightened. When moving about a whitetail will regularly leave droppings about once every hour and when fresh there is quite a glossy shine to it.

When food is plentiful during the open season, deer will bite off the tender shoots and leaves of trees and shrubs from about knee high to eye level. Whitetails like apple, white cedar, acorns, alder, dogwood, maples, sumac, and mountain laurel to name a few.

A deer whey lying is best seen by the flicking of its ears while lying in its bed. They are often detected by the white rump patch and chest. They prefer to lie on little tables of plateaus, fairly open and commanding the rising land below.

When startled a whitetail will leap for cover, run a few hundred yards and then circle back, part way, anyhow. Some crafty old bucks will sit tight and allow the hunter to pass very close, and then when danger is past, he will try to sneak away. Often their curiosity will cause them to follow you for awhile before turning away. It pays to watch your backtrail.

A deer’s love of home is surprising. Unless driven away by hunger or unduly disturbed a deer will often live its entire life within two miles of where it was born.

With a road and topographical map it is easy to plot the areas where you will be likely to find deer. It is better to take an extra day for scouting before the hunt. Look for runways, evidence of recent browsing, droppings and tracks and saplings with shredded bark where bucks have polished their antlers and lastly, beds. Once you get the habit of looking for sparsely timbered spots below the ridges, along the benches and knolls and atop hillocks in rolling country, it is easy to find their mashed down beds. A deer likes a view, it also likes a place where breezes naturally drift by carrying scent of any danger.

In fair weather a fresh bed on dry leaves or grass will be damp from the body moisture when the animal departs. This will cause the leaves or grass to twist and curl as they dry out, a process that usually takes the best part of a day. If a deer is not alarmed when it rises it will usually urinate near the bed another reliable sign.

If a morning’s hunt proves unprofitable on one slope, choose another for afternoon as the deer may be working farther afield.
The poorest time to hunt is during a rain or snowstorm for they keep to their beds usually.

When the moon is full and the weather fair deer often feed at night, stirring hardly at all by day. If the moon is full there may be no deer activity at all during daylight hours.

Floyd Haynes, of High River, riding Skipper, a thoroughbred, won the 30 mile cross country Midnapor Alberta race in 1 hour. 41 minutes 18 1/2 seconds. (Under a stock saddle and carrying a required 200 lbs..)

Since the war [WWII] car thieves discovered a new way to get the all important title. They buy wrecked cars from salvage yards for $50 or $100. The wreck may not have much else but it does have license plates and a title. Then they switch with a stolen car, change the motor number to match the one on the title of the wreck and attach them to the hot cars.

Pistols have been concealed in canes, watches, fountain pens and the handles of table knives and forks. The latest taken from a Nazi soldier is a gun belt buckle. In a split second after the wearer presses its starting button, while pretending to adjust his belt, the tiny gun swings into position and fires two .32 caliber bullets.

The Great Eastern, built in England in 1854 to 1858 was largest vessel of her time, and the greatest normal passenger capacity of any ship known (4,000). Always unlucky. Many accidents. While being broken up in 1888, a skeleton was discovered in a compartment in her double hull. As the man had been sealed during construction, many people believed his remains had caused the jinx that plagued the ship throughout her 30 years of existence.

Monasteries and convents outlawed in Mexico in 1868, the Convent of Santa Monica in Puebla was closed and made into apts.. Only the Church of Santa Monica remained in one corner of the structure to continue services. Rumor persisted the nuns still were concealed in the building. It was not until 1934 when an investigator happened to press a secret button, that when pressed automatically opened the wall and revealed a secret door, that they were found. Managed to keep secret and live in the convent for 66 years. By opening panels in their walls and looking through a grill they were able to attend mass, looking into the church of Santa Monica. Friend provided food, their dead buried in crypts. The nuns were always 24 in number.

Vacuum tube scientists at Ithaca, New York recently learned of a new tube that radiates as much energy as the biggest broadcasting stations. At the rate of 1,000,000,000 cycles per second. Assembled researchers at the GE research lab were told that waves from the new “magnetron” heat up everything near the lab transmitter, including humans, who run a fever when standing near it. The intense radiation’s have heated eggs and lead pencils so quickly as to make them explode with a loud report. The magnetron’s 50,000 watt output is the most power ever produced at the billion cycle frequency, roughly 1,000 times as much as a standard broadcasting station. [This note relates to what we now call microwaves.]

Every few minutes throughout each night of the year, a peculiar form of sheet lightning flashes in the region around the mouth of the Catatumbo River in Venezuela. Scientists have never discovered the cause of the centuries old phenomenon known as Catatumbo lightning which so brightly illuminates the sky that it can be seen for over 200 miles.

Carpet is roll goods with a continuous design and may be bought in any length and varying width.
Rug made in a definite size with a border like a framed picture.
A real Persian has 350 knots to the square inch, or even more in some cases. Silken prayer rugs often have 1,000 knots to the square inch.
Wilton the best carpet like the velvet, woven on a loom
invented in 1801 by Jacquard.
Axminsters on a loom invented in 1867 by Halcyon Smith.
Wilton best, Axminster less expensive, Velvet next. [This information on rugs may have played a role in “The Golden Tapestry” in Louis L’Amour’s Lost Treasures Volume One and the Jacquard Loom is mentioned in the novel No Traveler Returns in its role as one of the earliest “computers.”]



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